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(1) The frame is made of iron. The rear end is attached to the string plate, into which the strings are fastened. In the front is the wrest plank, which the tuning pins are set. Around these is the other end of the strings, when turning the strings there becomes tension.

(2) The soundboard has a thin piece of fine-grained spruce placed underneath the strings.

(3) The strings are made of steel wires that increase the length and the thickness from the treble to the bass. Most of the higher are given two strings that are tuned alike.

(4) The action is the entire materials required for hitting the hammers against the strings. The most important part of the action is the keys all 86 of them. The keys are made of ivory or plastic.

(5) The pedals are levers pressed down by the feet. The damper raises all the dampers so that all the strings struck continue to vibrate even after the keys are released. The soft pedal either throws all the hammers closer to the strings. Some other types of piano do have a third pedal that doesn't’t raise the dampers.

(6) The shape of the case, pianos are known as, square, and grand. The square form is no longer built. Grand pianos are built in many different sizes, from the full concert grand to the parlor or baby grand.



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