The America's Cup

Home | Well Known Sailboats | References | Reflection
History of the 12 Metre

America's Cup Winners from the U.S.:

America (1851), Magic (1870), Columbia and Sapphho (1871), Madeleine (1876), Mischief (1881), Puritan (1885), Mayflower (1886), Volunteer (1887), Vigilant (1893), Defender (1895), Columbia (1899, 1901 and 1958), Reliance (1903), Resolute (1920), Enterprise (1930), Rainbow (1934), Ranger (1937), Weatherly (1962), Constellation (1964), Intrepid (1967 and 1970), Courageous (1974 and 1977), Freedom (1980), Stars & Stripes (1987 and 1988), America3 (1992)

 

The America's Cup was originally the Great Exposition of 1851 and was 58 miles around the Isle of Wight. The Royal Yacht Club in England invited the New York Yacht Club to compete against them and they accepted. New York Yacht Club then built the 12 Metre, America, and the Royal Yacht Club had 17 boats.The America won the race and was renamed the America's Cup instead of the Great Exposition of 1851 in 1870 when New York Yacht Club challenged England. The amount of races changed many times; 1876-1887 the America's Cup was best 2 out of 3 races, 1893-1903 best 3 out of 5 races, 1930-1987 and 1992 best 4 out of 7 races, 1988 best 2 out of 3 races, and 1995 until recent best 5 out of 9 races.