William Randolph Hearst took over the Morning Journal in 1895 in New York, which grew extremely powerful by the 1920s. Hearst became a Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives and disagreed with the U.S’s alliance with the British. His papers reflected his antipathy towards the British and controlled the feelings of many readers. An isolationist group formed in support of Hearst’s views who opposed any foreign relations. Hearst’s power grew due to his newspapers. This marks the beginning of Hearst’s manipulation of the public through his relations with the press. Author Orson Welles challenged William Randolph Hearst’s authority with a film called Citizen Kane, based on the life and career of Hearst. Hearst retaliated by having gossip columnist Hedda Hopper write a column attacking the film, claiming that Hearst was an innocent victim of attack in the film. Hearst also threatened the entire movie industry with launching a major attack in the Newspapers. Newspapers became Hearst’s only, yet powerful defense. His threats were not in the form of a lawsuit, but a massive threat of using the power of the press.

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