P h o t o g r a p h y

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  • 17th century: Camera obscuras in frequent use by artists
  • 1800: Thomas Wedgwood makes "sun pictures" by placing opaque objects on leather treated with silver nitrate
  • 1826: NiĆ©pce creates a permanent image
  • 1837: Louis Daguerre creates images on silver-plated copper; Daguerre is awarded a state pension by the French government in exchange for publication of methods and the rights by other French citizens to use the Daguerreotype process.
  • 1861: First color photography by James Clerk-Maxwell
  • 1888: First Kodak camera, containing a 20-foot roll of paper
  • 1889: Improved Kodak camera with roll of film instead of paper
  • 1900: Kodak Brownie box roll-film camera introduced.
  • 1907: First color film for sale
  • 1917: Niko established in Tokyo
  • 1934: Fuji Photo Film founded
  • 1936: Development of Kodachrome, the first color multi-layered color film
  • 1948: First SLR camera for sale; Polaroid sells instant black and white film
  • 1963: First color instant film developed by Polaroid
  • 1973: C-41 color negative process introduced, replacing C-22
  • 1975: Steve Sasson at Kodak builds the first working CCD-based digital still camera
  • 1982: Sony demonstrates Mavica "still video" camera
  • 1983: Kodak introduces disk camera, using an 8x11mm frame
  • 1985: Minolta markets the world's first autofocus SLR system
  • 1987: The popular Canon EOS system introduced, with new all-electronic lens mount
  • 1990: Adobe Photoshop released.
  • 1991: Kodak DCS-100, first digital SLR, a modified Nikon F3
  • 1999: Nikon D1 SLR, 2.74 megapixel for $6000, first ground-up DSLR design by a leading manufacturer.
  • 2000: Camera phone introduced in Japan
  • 2001: Polaroid goes bankrupt
  • 2003: Four-Thirds standard for compact digital SLRs introduced with the Olympus E-1
  • 2004: Kodak ceases production of film cameras
  • 2005: Canon EOS 5D, first consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR, with a 24x36mm CMOS sensor for $3000;
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