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History

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Early Animation:

Animation has been around for a very long time. Drawings can be traced back a Greek Vase

far as the paleolithic era where cavemen and ancient creatures roamed. Instances

of animation can also be found on olden greek pots and sequences that displayed

early attempts at the perception of motion. [s]

(Pictured right is an image of a greek pottery sequence displaying the movement of an animal)

 

phenakistoscope

In the 18th century, the phenakistoscope (1832), the zoetrope (1834), and the

praxinoscope (1877), as well as the flip book were early animation devices that

produced the illusion of movement from sequential drawings, but animation as

a whole did not further until the creation of the motion picture film in the 1890s. [s]

(Pictured right is a photograph of a phenakistoscope by Eadweard Muybridge in 1893)

 

 

 

Fantasmagorie

In 1908, Émile Cohl created the first animated film , Fantasmagorie using traditional

animation methods. The film largely consisted of stick figures moving about and

morphing into different objects.The film was created by drawing each frame on

paper and then shooting each frame onto negative film which gave the picture a

blackboard look. [s]

(Pictured right is a clip from the first animated film, Fantasmagorie (1908) )

 

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