Penguins
  • aquatic, flightless birds
  • feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sea life caught while swimming underwater
  • spend half their life on land and half in the ocean
  • live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • only a few species of penguin actually live as far south as Antarctica
  • At least ten species live in the temperate zone
  • one lives as far north as the Galápagos Islands
  • largest living species: Emperor Penguin (3’7”, 75 lbs)
  • smallest living species: Little Blue Penguin (16”, 2.2 lbs)
  • Larger penguins retain heat better and are found in the colder regions
  • Temperate/tropical penguins are typically smaller
  • 17 to 20 living species, ex:
    • White-flippered Penguin
    • Royal Penguin
    • Macaroni penguin
    • Rockhopper penguins
    • Emperor Penguin
    • Little Blue Penguin (Fairy Penguin, Blue Penguin)