- "(1) Direct Kick Fouls - For which the other team receives a "direct free kick" (meaning a goal can be scored by kicking the ball straight into the goal) or a "penalty kick" ("PK") if the foul occurs within the Penalty Box (Note: It doesn't matter whether the ball was in the Penalty Box or not; what matter he believes they are committed in a manner he considers "careless, reckless or using excessive force":
- Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent. Accidentally kicking an opponent while tackling the ball is not a foul unless it was careless, reckless, or there was excessive force. If a player slide tackles from the front, it will be considered at least "dangerous play" (which is an indirect kick foul), or kicking, or tripping, or "unsporting behavior", even if the ball is contacted, since it would at the least be reckless or dangerous.
- Tripping or attempting to trip an opponent (if careless, reckless or using excessive force)
- Charging into an opponent (the goalkeeper can also be called for this if his action is careless, reckless or uses excessive force)
- Striking or attempting to strike an opponent (if careless, reckless or using excessive force)
- Pushing an opponent, including the goalkeeper (if careless, reckless or using excessive force)
- Jumping at an opponent in a careless or reckless manner or using excessive force (this includes jumping for a header if an opponent is carelessly or recklessly bumped, and jumping at the goalkeeper)
- Blatant holding [of pulling of an opponent] (including holding clothing, using any part of the body to hold an opponent & "Sandwiching")
- Making contact with an opponent before touching the ball when tackling an opponent to gain possession of the ball (Note: it is always a foul if the tackler contacts the ball handler before touching the ball. However, it can still be a direct kick foul if the ball is touched first but the tackler was "careless, reckless, or used excessive force" and was judged to have kicked, tripped, charged or jumped at the ball handler. Or, if the Referee believes the tackler played in a "dangerous manner", an indirect kick can be awarded)
- Spitting at an opponent, even if it doesn't hit the opponent (this is grounds for a Red Card)
- Deliberately handling the ball (a "hand ball" should not be called if a player is instinctively trying to protect himself from injury or if the ball hits the hand while it is in a natural position near the players side and has not been moved toward the ball. See "Hand Ball" for more details; this does not apply to the goalkeeper inside his own penalty area." ("Soccer Rules-Rules of Soccer").