Joseph Hooker

 

Bio:

Born: November 13, 1814 in Hadley Massachusetts

Died: October 31, 1879 in Garden City, New York

Political Party: Democratic

Religion: Unknown

Wife: Olivia Groesbeck

Allegiance: United States (Union)

Highest Rank: Major General

Other: Went out West and became Colonel of California militia for a time.

Involvement in Civil War:

Joseph Hooker was also one of the various generals to serve in the American Civil War who had also served in the Mexican-American War. Hooker started off his service in the Civil War by requesting a position from Abraham Lincoln, he was appointed Brigadier General of Volunteers in August 1861. He then commanded the 2nd Division of the III Corps in 1862 during the Peninsula Campaign. After the Battle of Williamsburg in which Hooker had performed greatly, he was promoted to Major General (May 5, 1862). McClellan then went on to fight in several major battles in the Army of the Potomac, such as the battle of Antietam where he received a foot wound during the battle rallying his men. Hooker was then promoted to Grand Division command during the battle of Fredericksburg. During the battle of Fredericksburg Hooker criticized the commanding General (Burnside) for his "preposterous" plans. The battle was a tragic defeat and Burnside was replaced, on January 26, 1863 Hooker was given the new command of the Army of the Potomac. Hooker was known as a good general during his time as commander of the Army of the Potomac and raised the morale of the troops after they were at an all time low. Hooker went on to command at Chancellorisville where he did not preform greatly and the battle was lost. Eventually Lincoln began to lose patience with Hooker and days before the Battle of Gettysburg Hooker put in his resignation after a dispute with the Army Headquarters. Lincoln accepted it quickly and he was replaced by George Meade on June 28, 1863, just days before the major battle of Gettysburg. Hooker did not stop commanding in the Civil War after this situation, he later went on to fight in the Western theater, commanded at the major battle of Chattanooga, and gained his reputation of a good solid general again.

Engagements:

- Battle of Williamsburg

- Battle of Antietam

- Battle of Fredericksburg

- Battle of Chancellorsville

- Chattanooga Campaign

- Atlanta Campaign

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