Each Greek letter has a sound that can be made today in common English. The bolded letters indicate how each vowel or consonant should be pronounced while speaking.

Αα - Alpha a - "father"
Bβ - Beta b
Γγ - Gamma g
Δδ - Delta d
Eε - Epsilon e - "end"
Zζ - Zeta z
Hη - Eta e - "hey"
Θθ - Theta th - "think"
Iι - Iota i - "it"
Kκ - Kappa k
Λλ - Lamda l
Mμ - Mu m
Nν - Nu n
Ξξ - Xi ks - "box"
Oο - Omikron o - "on"
Ππ - Pi p
Pρ - Rho r
Σςσ* - Sigma s - "sing"
Tτ - Tau t
Yυ - Upsilon u - "put"
Φφ - Phi f
Xχ - Chi ch - "Bach"
Ψψ - Psi ps
Ωω - Omega o - "flow"

By seeing the phonetics of each letter, it can become apparent how Greek has influenced several other languages, prominently English.


Similarly to Spanish, accents on Greek letters are placed to show a stressed syllable of a word.


What are breathings? An example in english would be the letter H, as pronounced in the word "hen." Rough breathing in Greek is pronounced in the same way, making the letter ε (epsilon) take on the "h" sound of the letter H.

Iota Subscripts

When writing a word in Greek, any vowel may have an accent underneath it. It isn't pronounced, but it simply used for grammatical context purposes.