Definite article

“THE”

 

 

Singular

Plural

When

 

 

Il

I

In front of a masculine noun starting with a consonant, except the ones in the next category

 

Masculine

 

 

      L’

(+vowel)

 Lo

Gli

In front of a masculine noun starting with z, gn, s+ a consonant (either before or after it), x

 

  La

 

Le

In front of a feminine noun starting with a consonant

Feminine

 

    LO and LA become L’ in front of words starting with a vowel.

 

 

 

 

 

Indefinite Article

a/an

 

uno

Before a noun that starts with an s or s + a consonant on either side, z, x, gn

 

 

 

Masculine

un

In any other case

 

una

Before a consonant 

 

 Feminine

un’

Before  a vowel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                   

 

 

 

Gender and number of nouns.  Endings of nouns:

A noun is a thing, a person, a place, ( also an animal or a concept).

In Italian, if a noun ends in “o”, it is generally a masculine noun.

If a noun ends in “a”, it is generally a feminine noun.

 

 

Singular

Plural

masculine

-O

-I

feminine

-A

-E

 

If a word ends in –E it could be masculine or feminine:

 

 

singular

plural

masculine

-E

-I

feminine

-E

-I

 

·         The dictionary will indicate to you what gender the word is (m/ f), or

·         look at the article if present (i. e.: la tigre= the tiger, feminine, but

     il presidente= the president, masculine) or

·         ask la professoressa!

 

You will always be given new vocabulary words with the appropriate article in front of them!

There are irregular nouns that end in a consonant or in an accented vowel

(lo sport, l’università, il caffè). There are also a few nouns that end in –a but they are masculine or end in –o but they are feminine. We will deal with those when we get there!