Biotic and Abiotic Factors


The common abiotic factors of this environment are specifically rocks, high nutrients (like nitrogen and phosphorus) and light. Especially productive kelp forests tend to be associated with areas of significant oceanographic upwelling. Other abiotic factors also greatly come into play in Kelp Forests such as water temperature, water salinity, tides, winds, amount of sunlight and storms.


The common biotic factors of this environment are all flora and fauna native and known to the area. Phytoplankton, zooplankton, marine invertebrates and marine mammals are in general what makes up the biotic factors of this are. Animals that may migrate or travel through Kelp Forests could also be considered biotic factors.

*For example a sea lion that may not be native to the area may choose to feed on sea urchins from the rocky parts of the Kelp Forest, altering the environment, but yet in a beneficial way.$file/StormCroppedVER2.jpg