Flora And Fauna
Estuaries are centers of great biological productivity and diversity. This is because of the nutrient rich detritus and sheltered environment.
Water Column supports fish, mammals and plankton, such as the estuary cod and the manatee.
Oyster and coral reefs thrive in estuarine waters.
Crabs, clams, and bottom feeders make use of the muddy bottom
Kelp, mangroves, and submerged aquatic vegetation (rooted aquatic plants) receive nutrients from the muddy bottom, and return these nutrients upon decaying.