PHYSICS CURRICULUM

 

I.  Course Number:  843                                                      IA. Course Number:  845

 

II.  Course Title:  Physics                                                    IIA. Physics Accelerated

 

III.  Course Level:  2                                                             IIIA. Course Level: 1

(note:  to link to the New Standards performance standards click on blue text)

IV.  Course Philosophy:  In this course we hope to instill an appreciation and an understanding of the physical laws that govern the universe.  In this course students will use critical thinking skills and develop a knowledge base to use as they analyze the physical world.

 

V.  Course Standards, Essential Question:  How and what can we understand about the physical structure of the universe?

 

VI.  Course Outline:

            Part I: Mechanics:  What is the connection between force and motion?

            Unit 1:  Kinematics

Essential Question:  How do you describe the way things move?

 

                        Skills:  measure position and time and use them to calculate

                        acceleration due to gravity, draw and analyze graphs, solve

                        motion problems.

 

Topics:  Position, velocity, acceleration, motion in one and two dimensions, gravity

 

Resources:  Text, calculator, graph paper, toy cars, video camera, VCR with frame by frame advance, Cambridge Physics equipment, meter sticks, timers, balls

 

Learning Methods:   (meets standards S1d, S3a, S4a, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  Measurement & Errors Lab

              2.  Constant Velocity Lab

              3.  Uniform Acceleration Lab

              4.  Calculating Gravity Lab

              5.  Projectiles Lab

              6.  Drop the Bomb Lab

 

Demonstrations:  Monkey gun, simultaneous droppings

 

Student Demonstrations:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  5 weeks

 

            Unit 2:  Statics

Essential Question:  How do forces interact and how are vectors used to express various forces.?

 

Skills:  Distinguish between vector and scalar quantities, use vectors diagrams to show how forces act on an object, vector addition, resolve vectors into components, problem solving using vectors

 

Topics:  forces, torque, vectors, equilibrium

 

Resources:  textbook, calculator, spring scales, meter, string, sticks, protractors, vector tables, mass sets, weight hangers, rulers, laminated maps, pasta, dowels

 

Learning Methods:  (meets standards S1d, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  Force Table Lab

             2.  Bridge Lab

             3.  Torque-mobile Lab

             4.  Derrick Lab

             5.  Vector Maps Lab

 

Demonstrations:  landscape-beam walk,

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  4 weeks

 

Unit 3:  Dynamics

Essential Questions:  Why do things move?  Why do things stop?  How do forces affect motion?  What's the deal with gravity?

 

Skills:  distinguish between mass and weight, determine the coefficients of friction for various materials, use the ideas from kinematics and statics to apply to Newton's laws of motion.

 

Topics:  Mass, weight, Newton's laws of motion, force and acceleration problem, block on and inclined plane, universal gravitation, planetary orbits, friction

 

Resources:  Cambridge Physics equipment, mass sets, Pasco track, springs, air track, ramps and vibration timers, Plexiglas, spring scales, friction blocks, inertia balance

 

Learning Methods:   (meets standards S1d, S4e, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  F=ma Lab

             2.  Coefficient of Friction Lab

             3.  Pendulum Lab

             4.  Hooke's Law & Simple Harmonic Motion

 

Demonstrations:  concrete block, inertia balance, tablecloth

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  7 weeks

 

Unit 4:  The Conservation Laws

Essential Questions:  Where do the conservation laws come from?  How are they used?

 

Skills:  Solving problems using conservation of energy, draw and analyze graphs, determine the efficiency of various systems in terms of work and power.

 

Topics:  Work, power, efficiency, energy (kinetic, potential, etc.) momentum, impulse, conservation of energy, conservation of momentum, collisions

 

Resources:  Cambridge Physics equipment, air track, bicycle, electric motors, balloon air pucks, pulleys, string, block and tackle, roller coaster video, balls

 

Learning Methods:  (meets standards S1e, S4a, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  Roller Coaster Lab (conservation of energy)

             2.  Conservation of Momentum Lab

             3.  Pulleys, Work & Efficiency Lab

             4.  Angular Momentum Lab

 

Demonstrations:  bear on a tight rope, balancing cup

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  6 weeks

 

Part II:  Waves:  How do waves relate to the earth's energy balance?

Essential Question:  Waves, What are they good for?  What are the characteristics of waves and how are they transmitted through various media?

 

Skills:  problem solving, identify waves

 

Topics:  Wavelength, velocity, frequency, sound, Doppler shift, reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, mirrors, lenses, optical devices, spectra, radiation

 

Resources:  Oscilloscopes, wave generators, slinkies, ripple tanks, plastic blocks, gas discharge tubes, diffraction gratings, curved mirrors, lenses, meter stick optical bench, Tacoma Narrow video clip

 

Learning Measures:  (meets standards S1f, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  Snell's Law

             2.  Slinky Lab

             3.  Ripple Tank Lab

             4.  Sound Lab

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  6 weeks

 

Part III:  Electricity and Magnetism

            Unit I Static Electricity

Essential Question:  What is the nature of electric forces?

 

Skills:  Diagram simple electric fields, use Coulomb's law to solve problems,

 

Topics:  Coulomb's law, electric fields, electric potential, lighting

Resources:  Van de Graff generator, glass and rubber rods, balloons, silk, fur

 

Learning Measures:

Labs:  1.  Electro-Scotch Tape-O-Meter

 

Demonstrations:  Van de Graff, balloon on wall, comb and water, magic spinning board, charged rod and florescent bulb.

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  2 weeks

 

Unit 2:  Electric Current

Essential Question:  How can you stay current with electricity?

 

Skills:  Solve simple circuits; build circuits in series and parallel; measure voltage, current and resistance; differentiate between AC and DC current

 

Topics:  Voltaic cells, Ohm's law, resistors, simple circuits, power

 

Resources:  Batteries, light bulbs and sockets, wires, power supplies, resistors, multimeters

 

Learning Methods:  (meets standards S1d, S4b, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  Ohm's Law Lab

             2.  Circuit Building Lab

             3.  Power Meter Lab

           

Demonstrations:  Hand generator

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  2 weeks

 

Unit 3:  Magnetism

Essential Question:  Magnetism, what's the attraction all about?

 

Skills:  Problem solving, discover the relationship between directions of force field and current (right hand rule)

 

Topics:  Magnets, magnetic force, motors, generators, transformers

 

Resources:  Magnets, compasses, iron filings, motors

 

Learning Methods:  (meets standards S1d, S5a-f, S6a-e, S7a, S7b, S7e, S8a-d)

Labs:  1.  Magnetic Fields and Iron Filings Lab

             2.  Solenoid Lab

 

Student Demonstration:  Lab reports, tests, quizzes, homework, group work, presentations, and projects.

 

Assessment:  Individual and group presentations and projects, homework, participation, tests, quizzes, lab work and lab reports.

 

Time Frame:  2 weeks

 

Extra Topics:  Quantum Physics, Relativity

            Time Frame:  2 weeks